Primary Objective: This study aimed to determine if implementing a clinically pragmatic behavior management approach for challenging behaviors during acute TBI reduces use of restraints, security incidences, acute length of stay admission and cost, thereby improving progress to rehabilitation. Research Design: This pilot study involved a behavior management group (n = 27), compared with a historical control group (n = 74). Method and Procedures: The behavior management group received care following the implementation of a behavior management approach for challenging behaviors during acute TBI at two hospitals in South Australia. Main Outcomes and Results: Fidelity results demonstrated high level of adherence to the implemented behavior management approach. The behavior management group had significant lower use of mechanical restraints (p = 0.03), and significantly lower acute admission costs (p = 0.034). Trends in lower pharmacological restraint usage, lower acute hospital length of stay and time from admission to rehabilitation acceptance were recorded. Conclusions: These pilot results contribute to improving quality of health care but methodological limitations make outcomes difficult to interpret as a direct result of the intervention. Future studies are required to investigate evidence-based behavior management interventions for acute TBI patients using more rigorous knowledge translation implementation designs.
- knowledge translation
- Traumatic brain injury