Improved field emission stability from single-walled carbon nanotubes chemically attached to silicon

Cameron Shearer, Adam Fahy, Matthew Barr, Paul Dastoor, Joseph Shapter

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    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Here, we demonstrate the simple fabrication of a single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) field emission electrode which shows excellent field emission characteristics and remarkable field emission stability without requiring posttreatment. Chemically functionalized SWCNTs were chemically attached to a silicon substrate. The chemical attachment led to vertical alignment of SWCNTs on the surface. Field emission sweeps and Fowler-Nordheim plots showed that the Si-SWCNT electrodes field emit with a low turn-on electric field of 1.5 V μm-1 and high electric field enhancement factor of 3,965. The Si-SWCNT electrodes were shown to maintain a current density of >740 μA cm-2 for 15 h with negligible change in applied voltage. The results indicate that adhesion strength between the SWCNTs and substrate is a much greater factor in field emission stability than previously reported.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number432
    Pages (from-to)432-1-432-4
    Number of pages4
    JournalNanoscale Research Letters
    Volume7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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