This study aimed to improve the overall fatigue properties of WAAM-produced SDSS by changing the interpass temperatures. Micro-computed tomography was used to quantitatively characterise the internal defects, such as porosity, in large-volume WAAM-fabricated SDSS materials. An increase in the interpass temperature led to a reduction in the ferrite phase balance by up to 20%. The fatigue anisotropy was still evident, but the fatigue limit in the weakest (transverse) direction was increased to 250 MPa or by approximately 40%. Meanwhile, the increased interpass temperature had no significant effect on fatigue resistance in the longitudinal direction. This study suggests that the interpass temperature can be critical for both achieving isotropic mechanical properties and increasing fatigue life of structural components fabricated with the WAAM method.
- super duplex stainless steels
- wire arc additive manufacturing (WAAM)