Improving Models of Democracy: The Example of Lagged Effects of Economic Development, Education, and Gender Equality

Mikhail Balaev

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The author examines how time delayed effects of economic development, education, and gender equality influence political democracy. Literature review shows inadequate understanding of lagged effects, which raises methodological and theoretical issues with the current quantitative studies of democracy. Using country-years as a unit of analysis, the author estimates a series of OLS PCSE models for each predictor with a systematic analysis of the distributions of the lagged effects. The second set of multiple OLS PCSE regressions are estimated including all three independent variables. The results show that economic development, education, and gender have three unique trajectories of the time-delayed effects: Economic development has long-term effects, education produces continuous effects regardless of the timing, and gender equality has the most prominent immediate and short term effects. The results call for the reassessment of model specifications and theoretical setups in the quantitative studies of democracy.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)169-183
    Number of pages15
    JournalSOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH
    Volume46
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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