Improving response rates and evaluating nonresponse bias in surveys: AMEE Guide No. 102

A Phillips, S Reddy, Steven Durning

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    71 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Robust response rates are essential for effective survey-based strategies. Researchers can improve survey validity by addressing both response rates and nonresponse bias. In this AMEE Guide, we explain response rate calculations and discuss methods for improving response rates to surveys as a whole (unit nonresponse) and to questions within a survey (item nonresponse). Finally, we introduce the concept of nonresponse bias and provide simple methods to measure it.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)217-228
    Number of pages12
    JournalMedical Teacher
    Volume38
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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