Impulsive waves caused by subaerial landslides

B. Ataie-Ashtiani, A. Nik-Khah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the experimental results of impulsive waves caused by subaerial landslides. A wide range of effective parameters are considered and studied by performing 120 laboratory tests. Considered slide masses are both rigid and deformable. The effects of bed slope angle, water depth, slide impact velocity, geometry, shape and deformation on impulse wave characteristics have been inspected. The impulse wave features such as amplitude, period and also energy conversation are studied. The effects of slide Froude number and deformation on energy conversation from slide into wave are also investigated. Based on laboratory measured data an empirical equation for impulse wave amplitude and period have been presented and successfully verified using available data of previous laboratory works.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-280
Number of pages18
JournalEnvironmental Fluid Mechanics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Dam reservoir
  • Deforming slide
  • Impulsive wave
  • Subaerial landslide
  • Wave energy


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