In Vitro Characterization of the Human Liver Microsomal Kinetics and Reaction Phenotyping of Olanzapine Metabolism

Porntipa Korprasertthaworn, Thomas Polasek, Michael Sorich, Andrew McLachlan, John Miners, Geoffrey Tucker, Andrew Rowland

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    19 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Olanzapine (OLZ) is an atypical antipsychotic used in the treatment of schizophrenia and related psychoses. The metabolism of OLZ is complex and incompletely characterized. This study aimed to elucidate the enzymes and pathways involved in the metabolism of OLZ and to determine the kinetics of OLZ oxidation and glucuronidation by human liver microsomes, recombinant cytochrome P450 (rP450) enzymes, and recombinant UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (rUGT) enzymes. An ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method was developed and validated to quantify OLZ, its four oxidative metabolites (N-desmethyl-OLZ, 2-hydroxymethyl-OLZ, 7-hydroxy-OLZ, and OLZ-N-oxide), and two N-glucuronides (OLZ-10-N-glucuronide and OLZ-49-N-glucuronide). Consistent with previous reports, UGT1A4, CYP1A2, and flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 play major rolesincatalyzing the formation of OLZ-10-N-glucuronide, 7-hydroxy-OLZ, and OLZ-N-oxide, respectively. In addition, a previously uncharacterized major contribution of CYP2C8 to OLZ-N-demethylation was demonstrated. The kinetics of OLZ metabolite formation (Km and Vmax) by human liver microsomes, rP450 enzymes, and rUGT enzymes were characterized in the presence of bovine serum albumin [2% (w/v)]. Consistent with the known effect of bovine serum albumin on CYP1A2, CYP2C8, and UGT1A4 activities, Km values reported here are lower than previously reported values for OLZ metabolic pathways. In addition to CYP1A2-mediated OLZ-N-demethylation, these results suggest that other P450 enzymes, particularly CYP2C8, contribute significantly to oxidative OLZ metabolism through catalysis of OLZ-N-demethylation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1806-1814
    Number of pages9
    JournalDrug Metabolism and Disposition
    Volume43
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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