Incidence and predictors of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease after kidney transplantation during adulthood and childhood: a registry study

Anna Francis, David W. Johnson, Armando T. Teixeira-Pinto, Jonathan C. Craig, Germaine Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Differences in the epidemiology of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) between adult and paediatric kidney transplant recipients remain unclear. Methods. Using the Australian and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry (1963-2015), the cumulative incidences of PTLD in children (age <20 years) and adults were calculated using a competing risk of death model and compared with agematched population-based data using standardized incidence ratios (SIRs). Risk factors for PTLD were assessed using Cox proportional hazards regression. Results. Among 23 477 patients (92% adult, 60% male), 505 developed PTLD, with 50 (10%) occurring in childhood recipients. The 25-year cumulative incidence of PTLD was 3.3% [95% confidence interval (CI) 2.9-3.6] for adult recipients and 3.6% (95% CI 2.7-4.8) for childhood recipients. Childhood recipients had a 30-fold increased risk of lymphoma compared with the age-matched general population [SIR 29.5 (95% CI 21.9-38.8)], higher than adult recipients [SIR 8.4 (95% CI 7.7- 9.2)]. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-negative recipient serology [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 3.33 (95% CI 2.21-5.01), P<0.001], year of transplantation [aHR 0.93 for each year after the year 2000 (95% CI 0.88-0.99), P0.02], induction with an agent other than anti-CD25 monoclonal antibody [aHR 2.07 (95% CI 1.16-3.70), P0.01] and having diabetes [aHR 3.49 (95% CI 2.26-5.38), P<0.001] were independently associated with PTLD. Conclusions. Lymphoma occurs at similar rates in adult and paediatric recipients, but has been decreasing since the year 2000. EBV-negative patients and those with diabetes or induction agent other than anti-CD25 monoclonal antibody are at substantially increased risk of PTLD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)881-889
Number of pages9
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

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