Incidental orthographic learning via colour detection task improves children’s orthographic performance in English

Ben Bailey, Joanne Arciuli, Athanasios Protopapas

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

Purpose – Protopapas et al. (2017) demonstrated that a visual perceptual learning task without articulation results in incidental orthographic learning (improved reading and spelling) in Greek-speaking children (8-11 years). We investigated the effects of the same incidental learning procedure on 21 English-speaking children (7-8 years).

Method – Stimuli were 20 difficult to spell English words comprised of two sets of 10 (Set A and Set B). In a cross-over design, Set A were targets for half of the participants (Set B: distractors) while Set B were targets for the other half (Set A: distractors). There were 200 filler words. Participants were assigned to Group 1 (Set A: targets) or Group 2 (Set B: targets). During the learning task, targets (red-coloured) were presented on a computer screen in rapid succession interleaved among distractors and filler items (black-coloured). Participants pressed a button upon viewing something red. Reading and spelling of target/distractor items was tested before and after the task.

Results – A 2 x 2 ANOVA (WordType [targets vs. distractors] x Group [1 vs. 2]) using pre-post spelling accuracy difference scores as the dependent variable revealed a significant main effect of WordType, F(1, 19) = 6.75, p = .02, ƞp2 = .26. Children made greater gains on targets vs. distractors. There was no significant main effect of Group and no significant WordType x Group interaction. As most children were at ceiling on reading, there were no significant effects.

Conclusion – Incidental learning via a visual perceptual task improves spelling performance in English as it does in Greek.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventSociety for the Scientific Study of Reading. Twenty-Fifth Annual SSSR Meeting - Brighton, United Kingdom
Duration: 18 Jul 201821 Jul 2018

Conference

ConferenceSociety for the Scientific Study of Reading. Twenty-Fifth Annual SSSR Meeting
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityBrighton
Period18/07/1821/07/18

Keywords

  • orthographic learning
  • colour detection
  • spelling performance

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    Bailey, B., Arciuli, J., & Protopapas, A. (2018). Incidental orthographic learning via colour detection task improves children’s orthographic performance in English. Abstract from Society for the Scientific Study of Reading. Twenty-Fifth Annual SSSR Meeting, Brighton, United Kingdom. https://www.triplesr.org/encoding-across-time-and-languages