Influence of admixture components on CYP2C9*2 allele frequency in eight indigenous populations from Northwest Mexico

M Sosa-Macias, B Lazalde-Ramos, C Galaviz-Hernández, H Rangel-Villalobos, J Salazar-Flores, V Martínez-Sevilla, M Martínez-Fierro, P Dorado, M-L Wong, J Licinio, A Llerena

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    21 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We previously documented the lowest frequency of CYP2C9*2 in Mexican indigenous Tepehuanos followed by Mestizos and Mexican-Americans populations, suggesting a negative correlation between the CYP2C9*2 frequency and the degree of Asian ancestry in indigenous Americans. We determined the influence of ethnic admixture components on the CYP2C9 allele distribution in 505 Amerindian from eight indigenous populations through genotyping CYP2C9*2, *3 and *6 alleles by real-time PCR and molecular evaluation of ancestry. The frequencies for CYP2C9*2 were 0.026 in Seris and 0.057 in Mayos, being higher than in Asians (P<0.001). CYP2C9*3 was found in Tarahumaras (0.104), Mayos (0.091), Tepehuanos (0.075), Guarijíos (0.067), Huicholes (0.033) and Coras (0.037), with East Asians having lower frequencies than the former three groups (P<0.001). CYP2C9*6 was not found. The frequency of CYP2C9*2 was lower in Amerindians than in European populations, and higher than their Asian ancestors. The presence of this allele in ethnic groups in Mexico can be explained by European admixture.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)567-572
    Number of pages6
    JournalPHARMACOGENOMICS JOURNAL
    Volume13
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

    Keywords

    • ancestral components
    • CYP2C9
    • Mexican indigenous
    • pharmacogenetics

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