Influence of side chains on electrochromic properties of green donor-acceptor-donor polymers.

Stefan Hellstrom, Tianqi Cai, Olle Inganas, Mats R. Andersson

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    26 Citations (Scopus)


    Three solution processable cathodically coloring green electrochromic polymers, based on 2,3-diphenyl-5,7-di(thiophen-2-yl)thieno[3,4-b]pyrazine, have been synthesized by oxidative FeCl 3 polymerization. The polymers were designed with solubilizing alkyl and oligoethylene oxide side chains to achieve solubility and processability. All three polymers have a small electrochemical bandgap (1.8-1.9 eV) and low oxidation potentials. Spectroelectrochemical studies of polymer films on ITO reveal that the alkyl side chains in head-to-head position on the polymer backbone promote a defined high-energy absorption peak and suppress tailing of charge-carrier absorption into the visible region. Kinetic studies, based on transmission measurements applying a square-wave potential between reduced and oxidized states, show that the polymer with exclusively oligoethylene oxide side chains (P3) had the fastest response times, monitored at the low-energy absorption maxima. The best performing polymer (P1) showed a good optical contrast in the visible region with a ΔT of 26% at 700 nm. An initial test of the electrochemical stability showed that the oligoethylene oxide containing polymers had superior stability over 500 full switches.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3454-3459
    Number of pages6
    JournalElectrochimica Acta
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2011


    • Conjugated polymer
    • Electrochromism
    • FeCl -polymerization
    • Spectroelectrochemistry


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