Background and Objectives: The impact of different neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) schedules and pathologic complete response (pCR) on the distribution of recurrence is unclear in esophageal cancer (EC). We assessed the effect of pCR and nCRT schedule in EC. Methods: Patients with T1N+/T2-4aN0-3/M0 EC treated in different centers, with either carboplatin/paclitaxel/41.4 Gy (CROSS: n = 134) or Cisplatin/5-fluorouracil/45-50.4 Gy (Cis/5FU: n = 88) followed by surgery were included. The effect of pCR on distribution and site-specific recurrence was determined for the CROSS group. After propensity score matching we compared the impact of both schedules (n = 63 each) on the recurrence pattern. Results: Overall (P = 0.005) and disease-free survival (P = 0.002) were significantly longer after pCR (n = 24). The pattern of recurrence differed between pCR and non-pCR group (P = 0.001) for locoregional (0 vs 7; 6.4%), distant (5; 20.8% vs 36; 32.7%), and combined local and distant (0 vs 21; 19.1%), respectively. After pCR, less local and distant recurrences were seen (P = 0.008). With equal median time to recurrence, the distribution of metastases only differed for lung metastases (P = 0.029), with 15 (23.8%) in the CROSS group versus 6 (9.5%) following Cis/5FU. Conclusions: Patients with pCR have less local and distant recurrence. The nCRT regime had a minor influence on the site-specific distribution of recurrence.
- CROSS vs Cis/5FU
- distribution recurrent disease
- esophageal cancer
- pathologic complete response
- trimodality treatment