Information and communication technology use within occupational therapy home assessments: A scoping review

Kayla Ninnis, Maayken van den Berg, Natasha Lannin, Stacey George, Kate Laver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction

Home assessments conducted by occupational therapists can identify hazards and prevent falls. However, they may not be conducted because of limited time or long distances between the therapist’s workplace and the person’s home. Developments in technologies may overcome such barriers and could improve the quality of the home assessment process.
Method

This scoping review synthesises the findings of studies evaluating information and communication technology use within occupational therapy home assessments.
Results

Fourteen studies were included and revealed the two main approaches to technology use: the development of new applications and the use of existing and readily available technologies. Facilitators and barriers to use were also identified. Facilitators included usefulness, ease of use and the potential for cost-effectiveness. Barriers to use included poor usability, unsuitability for some populations and perceived threat to the role of occupational therapy. The synthesis revealed that traditional in-home assessments conducted by therapists are more sensitive in identifying hazards.
Conclusion

The availability of new technologies offers potential to improve service delivery; however these technologies are underutilised in clinical practice. Technologies may offer advantages in the conduct of home assessments, especially regarding efficiency, but have not yet been shown to be superior in terms of patient outcome.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-152
Number of pages12
JournalBritish Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume82
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • occupational therapy
  • Technology
  • home assessment
  • telemedicine

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