Integrating Aerial and Underwater Data for Archaeology: Digital Maritime Landscapes in 3D

Jonathan Benjamin, John McCarthy, Chelsea Wiseman, Shane Bevin, Jarrad Kowlessar, Peter Astrup, John Naumann, Jorg Hacker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
84 Downloads (Pure)


Archaeologists have aspired to a seamless integration of terrestrial and marine survey since maritime archaeology began to emerge as a distinct sub-discipline. This chapter will review and discuss how 3D technology is changing the way that archaeologists work, blurring the boundaries between different technologies and different environments. Special attention is paid to the integration of data obtained from aerial and underwater methods. Maritime archaeology is undergoing an explosion of site recording methods and techniques which improve survey, excavation and interpretation, as well as management and conservation of material culture, protected sites, and cultural landscapes. An appraisal of methods and interpretive tools is therefore necessary as well as a consideration of how theoretical concepts of maritime landscapes are finding new expressions in practice. A thematic focus is placed on integrating land and sea through case studies of maritime archaeological sites and material which range chronologically from the recent past to several thousand years before present.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication3D Recording and Interpretation for Maritime Archaeology
EditorsJohn K. McCarthy, Jonathan Benjamin, Trevor Winton, Wendy van Duivenvoorde
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-03635-5
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-03634-8
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Publication series

NameCoastal Research Library
ISSN (Print)2211-0577
ISSN (Electronic)2211-0585

Bibliographical note

'This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.'


  • Underwater archaeology
  • Aerial archaeology
  • digital archaeology
  • Maratime cultural landscapes
  • Digital archaeology
  • Archaeological theory
  • Maritime cultural landscapes


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