Introduction: Benefits of community participation and physical activity for the health and wellbeing of older adults are well documented. This review aims to answer the question; “How is community participation considered for older adults in the transition from hospital to home?”
Materials and methods: This scoping review searched key databases using subject headings and keywords. Two independent reviewers selected studies based on a systematic procedure. Inclusion criteria were adults aged ≥60 years, transitioning from hospital to home, reporting on community participation, inclusive of leisure activities, social activities, and physical activity.
Results: Of 2206 initial unique articles, 19 met inclusion criteria. Articles covered a range of diagnoses, most frequently stroke, hip replacement, or fracture. Numerous measures of community participation were reported, identifying “low” and “reduced” community participation in ten studies. Measures of physical activity, health-related quality of life, sleep quality, and loneliness were variable. Five studies reported interventions and four reported improved components of community participation. Numerous barriers to community participation were identified, with recommendations for future transition care services considered.
Conclusion: There are considerable barriers to promoting community participation in transition care services for older people. Older adults need information to prepare for returning home from hospital and to regain valued leisure and social activities for health-related quality of life.
IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Community participation is an important component of healthy ageing which health professionals should consider beyond discharge. Levels of mobility and endurance should be considered in terms of facilitating community participation for older adults. Transition care services should provide adequate information to prepare individuals expectations of returning home following hospital stay, whilst attempting to maintain valued leisure and social activities.
- Community participation
- hospital to home
- older adults
- physical activity
- transition care