Interpreting forensic DNA profiling evidence without specifying the number of contributors.

Duncan Taylor, Jo-Anne Bright, John Buckleton

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    DNA profile interpretation has benefitted from recent improvements that use semi-continuous or fully continuous methods to interpret information within an electropherogram. These methods are likelihood ratio based and currently require that a number of contributors be assigned prior to analysis. Often there is ambiguity in the choice of number of contributors, and an analyst is left with the task of determining what they believe to be the most probable number. The choice can be particularly important when the difference between two possible contributor numbers means the difference between excluding a person of interest as being a possible contributor, and producing a statistic that favours their inclusion. Presenting both options in a court of law places the decision with the court. We demonstrate here an MCMC method of correctly weighting analyses of DNA profile data spanning a range of contributors. We explore the theoretical behaviour of such a weight and demonstrate these theories using practical examples. We also highlight the issues with omitting this weight term from the LR calculation when considering different numbers of contributors in the one calculation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)269-280
    Number of pages12
    JournalForensic Science International: Genetics
    Volume13
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014

    Keywords

    • Continuous model
    • DNA profile interpretation
    • MCMC
    • Mixtures
    • Number of contributors
    • STRmix

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