The propulsion of the intestinal content is essential for the appropriate progression and digestion of food. Since the turn of the century Bayliss and Starling suggested that intestinal propulsion (peristalsis) is due to the activity of neural circuits embedded within the intestinal wall. 1 They described contraction of the circular muscle on the oral side and inhibition on the aboral side of a mechanical stimulus. This has come to be known as “the law of the intestine.” They proposed that the polarized reflexes are responsible for peristalsis. The identification of the neurons involved in these polarized reflex pathways has been achieved only recently. Here we summarize the recent contributions from our laboratory to the identification of the enteric circuits involved in peristalsis and their role in the generation of motor patterns in the guinea‐pig small intestine.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1998|