Intrusive Uncertainty in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Tom Cochrane, Keeley Heaton

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    In this article we examine obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). We examine and reject two existing models of this disorder: the Dysfunctional Belief Model and the Inference-Based Approach. Instead, we propose that the main distinctive characteristic of OCD is a hyperactive sub-personal signal of being in error, experienced by the individual as uncertainty about his or her intentional actions (including mental actions). This signalling interacts with the anxiety sensitivities of the individual to trigger conscious checking processes, including speculations about possible harms. We examine the implications of this model for the individual's capacity to control his or her thoughts.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)182-208
    Number of pages27
    JournalMind and Language
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


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