Enhanced surveillance for invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) was conducted in all Australian states and territories in 2007 and 2008 with comprehensive comparative data available since 2002. There were 1,477 cases of IPD notified to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System in Australia in 2007; a notification rate of 7.0 cases per 100,000 population. In 2008 there were 1,628 cases; a notification rate of 7.6 cases per 100,000 population. The overall rate of IPD in Indigenous Australians was almost 6 times the rate in non-Indigenous Australians in 2007 and almost 5 times in 2008. By 2008, the 4th year of a funded universal infant 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (7vPCV) program in Australia with a 3+0 schedule, vaccine serotype IPD notification rates in those identified as non-Indigenous decreased in all age groups compared with 2002 levels, most significantly by 96% in children aged less than 5 years. However, rates of disease in non-vaccine serotypes increased by 168% in children aged less than 5 years, including a four-fold increase in the number of cases due to serotype 19A. For the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population, national pre-vaccination data are not available, as the vaccine program was funded for this group from 2001. From 2002 to 2008, the proportion of disease due to 7vPCV serotypes in children aged less than 5 years decreased by 77%, while disease due to non-7vPCV serotypes increased by 76%. In Indigenous adults (≥50 years), rates of 23vPPV serotypes increased by 92%. There were 120 deaths attributed to IPD in 2007 and 113 in 2008, although it should be noted that deaths may be under-reported. The number of invasive pneumococcal isolates with reduced penicillin susceptibility remains low and reduced susceptibility to third-generation cephalosporins is rare. This work is copyright. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any process without prior written permission from the Commonwealth. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to the Commonwealth Copyright Administration, Attorney General's Department, Robert Garran Offices, National Circuit, Barton ACT 2600 or posted at http://www.ag.gov.au/cca.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2012|