Irreducible anteromedial radial head dislocation due to transbrachialis buttonholing

Shawn W. O'Driscoll, Maegan N. Shields, Christopher L. Camp, Gregory Bain

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Isolated radiocapitellar dislocations are rare; however our experience indicates that this is a dramatic injury whether acute or chronic. These patients present following hyperextension injuries. We propose the mechanism to be as follows: gentle hyperextension, varus torque, and rotation from pronation to supination. This sequence followed by elbow flexion will cause the radial head to dislocate anteromedially and sit on top of the brachialis muscle-tendon junction, which will cradle the radial head and serve as a block to reduction. In some cases the radial head will buttonhole through the brachialis muscle. As a result, it will appear as though these injuries can be reduced when the elbow is flexed however; the radial head will dislocate again upon elbow extension. In the case of an irreducible anteromedial radial head dislocation with no obvious intra-articular block to reduction, patients should be evaluated with MRI or ultrasound to assess for the possibility of transbrachialis buttonholing. Open surgical reduction is indicated. While evidence is still anecdotal at this point, patients respond well to surgical reduction and should be able to return to sport.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSurgical Techniques for Trauma and Sports Related Injuries of the Elbow
EditorsGregory Bain, Denise Eygendaal, Roger P. van Viet
Place of PublicationBerlin
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Pages353-357
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9783662589311
ISBN (Print)9783662589304
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dislocation
  • Radial head
  • Transbrachialis buttonhole

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  • Cite this

    O'Driscoll, S. W., Shields, M. N., Camp, C. L., & Bain, G. (2020). Irreducible anteromedial radial head dislocation due to transbrachialis buttonholing. In G. Bain, D. Eygendaal, & R. P. van Viet (Eds.), Surgical Techniques for Trauma and Sports Related Injuries of the Elbow (pp. 353-357). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-58931-1_47