Is facilitation a true species interaction?

Pablo Munguia, Alfredo F. Ojanguren, Andrew N. Evans, Laura Ryckman, Brad Gemmell, Colt Cook, Geoff Hensgen

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Current ecological literature considers facilitation to be a positive interaction alongside symbiosis or mutualism. But unlike these interactions, the fitness of one of the species involved in facilitation remains unaffected which precludes coevolution. Therefore, we believe that facilitation is not a true species interaction and should be kept within the framework of succession.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-85
Number of pages3
JournalThe Open Ecology Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • coevolution
  • species interaction
  • ecological theory


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