Is hyperfiltration associated with higher urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio at follow up among Indigenous Australians? The eGFR follow-up study

Elif I. Ekinci, Elizabeth L.M. Barr, Federica Barzi, Jaquelyne T. Hughes, Paul D. Lawton, Graham R.D. Jones, Wendy Hoy, Alan Cass, Mark Thomas, Ashim Sinha, George Jerums, Kerin O'Dea, Richard J. MacIsaac, Louise J. Maple-Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Glomerular hyperfiltration is not able to be detected in clinical practice. We assessed whether hyperfiltration is associated with albuminuria progression among Indigenous Australians at high risk of diabetes and kidney disease to determine its role in kidney disease progression. Methods: Longitudinal observational study of Indigenous Australians aged ≥18 years recruited from >20 sites, across diabetes and/or kidney function strata. At baseline, iohexol clearance was used to measure glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) and hyperfiltration was defined as (i) a mGFR of ≥125 mL/min/1.73 m 2 , and (ii) an age-adjusted definition, with the top 10% of the mGFR for each 10 year age group at baseline. Baseline and follow-up urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (uACR) was collected, and linear regression was used to assess the associations of hyperfiltration and uACR at follow up. Results: 407 individuals (33% men, mean age 47 years) were followed-up for a median of 3 years. At baseline, 234 had normoalbuminuria and 173 had albuminuria. Among participants with normoalbuminuria, those with mGFR ≥125 mL/min/1.73 m 2 had 32% higher uACR at follow-up (p = 0.08), and those with age-adjusted hyperfiltration had 60% higher uACR (p = 0.037) compared to those who had normofiltration. These associations were independent of uACR at baseline, but attenuated by HbA 1c . Associations were stronger among those without than those with albuminuria at baseline. Conclusions: Although not available for assessment in current clinical practice, hyperfiltration may represent a marker of subsequent albuminuria progression among individuals who have not yet developed albuminuria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-349
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Diabetes and Its Complications
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Albuminuria
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Diabetic kidney disease
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Hyperfiltration
  • Indigenous Australians

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