Justice through consensus: Shared identity and the preference for a restorative notion of justice

Michael Wenzel, Tyler Okimoto, Norman Feather, M Platow

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    44 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We propose a concept of restorative justice as a sense of justice deriving from consensus about, and the reaffirmation of, values violated by an offence (in contrast to punishment-based retributive justice). Victims should be more likely to seek restorative justice (and less likely retributive justice) when they perceive to share a relevant identity with the offender. In Study 1, when the relevant identity (university affiliation) shared with the offender was made salient (vs. not), participants found a consensus-based response more justice-restoring. In Study 2, when the group (company) shared with the offender was cohesive (vs. not), participants more strongly endorsed a restorative justice philosophy and, mediated by this, responded in consensus-restoring ways. In Study 3, when the offender was an ingroup (vs. outgroup) member, participants more strongly endorsed a restorative justice philosophy, fully mediated by sadness emotions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)909-930
    Number of pages22
    JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
    Volume40
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

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