Kinematics of the wrist in Kienböck’s disease: a four-dimensional computed tomography study

Simon B.M. MacLean, Gregory I. Bain

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    We studied the kinematics of 20 wrists affected by Kienböck’s disease using four-dimensional computed tomography (4-D-CT) scanning. Degenerative changes progressed from the lunate facet to the scaphoid fossa at the radiocarpal articulation, then involved the midcarpal joint. Lunate fracture types included coronal (14/20), sagittal (10/20) and ligament attachment-types (8/20). Findings specific to dynamic scanning included the nutcracker phenomenon (12/20), anterior radiolunate impingement (7/20), internal instability of the lunate (6/20), ulnar styloid triquetral impingement (3/20) and dynamic proximal row instability (2/20). Ulnocarpal translocation was found in 4/20 cases. Dynamic 4-D-CT has helped us to identify a subset of pathology in Kienböck’s disease on assessment of static imaging. Better understanding of these phenomena can improve our understanding of symptoms and may help direct surgical treatment. Level of evidence: IV

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)504-509
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Hand Surgery: European Volume
    Volume46
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

    Keywords

    • computed tomography
    • dynamic
    • Four-dimensional
    • Kienbock’s disease

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