Kinetic anharmonic coupling in the trihalomethanes: A mechanism for rapid intramolecular redistribution of CH stretch vibrational energy

William H. Green, Warren D. Lawrence, C. Bradley Moore

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67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The coupling of CH stretching and CH bending vibrations in trisubstituted methanes is analyzed. Improved spectroscopic constants, especially the cubic anharmonic stretch-bend coupling constants, are extracted from Fermi resonances in the overtone spectra of HCF3 and HCCl3. Both harmonic oscillator and Morse oscillator basis functions are used in the analysis and the results compared. That part of the coupling which arises from the kinetic energy as expressed in curvilinear coordinates is calculated and compared to the coupling calculated using the more conventional rectilinear treatment. Use of curvilinear coordinates is found to provide significant advantages. The formalism for curvilinear normal coordinates is clarified and generalized. From these calculations and the spectral analysis, one of the cubic anharmonic constants of the potential energy surface is extracted for comparison with ab initio calculations. The curvilinear model of the CH stretch-bend interaction tested for these isolated CH chromophores is expected to be useful in understanding CH bonds and vibrational energy flow in larger hydrocarbons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6000-6011
Number of pages12
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Volume86
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1987
Externally publishedYes

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