Lack of existing guidelines for a large group of patients in Sweden: a national survey across the acute surgical care delivery chain

Åsa Muntlin Athlin, Claes Juhlin, Eva Jangland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rationale, aims and objectives: Evidence-informed healthcare is the fundament for practice, whereby guidelines based on the best available evidence should assist health professionals in managing patients. Patients seeking care for acute abdominal pain form a common group in acute care settings worldwide, for whom decision-making and timely treatment are of paramount importance. There is ambiguity about the existence, use and content of guidelines for patients with acute abdomen. The objective was to describe and compare guidelines and management of patients with acute abdomen in different settings across the acute care delivery chain in Sweden. Method: A national cross-sectional design was used. Twenty-nine ambulance stations, 17 emergency departments and 33 surgical wards covering all six Swedish health regions were included, and 23 guidelines were quality appraised using the validated Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation II tool. Results: There is a lack of guidelines in use for the management of this large group of patients between and within different healthcare areas across the acute care delivery chain. The quality appraisal identified that several guidelines were of poor quality, especially the in-hospital ones. Further, range orders for analgesics are common in the ambulance services and the surgical wards, but are seldom present in the emergency departments. Also, education in pain management is more common in the ambulance services. These findings are noteworthy as, hypothetically, the same patient could be treated in three different ways during the same care episode. Conclusions: There is an urgent need to develop high-quality evidence-based clinical guidelines for this patient group, with the entire care process in focus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • abdominal pain
  • acute care delivery chain
  • ambulance
  • emergency care
  • guidelines
  • surgical care

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