Laparoscopic surgery in women with a clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis

Michael R. Cox, John L. McCall, Robert T.A. Padbury, Thomas G. Wilson, David A. Wattchow, James Toouli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the routine use of diagnostic laparoscopy and laparoscopic appendicectomy in women with a clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Methods: Women who presented with a clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis between 1 January 1992 and 31 August 1993 were prospectively assessed and 107 underwent diagnostic laparoscopy. Results: Appendicitis was confirmed in 63 women (59%) and no diagnosis could be made in seven (6%). An alternative diagnosis, most commonly a gynaecological disorder, was made in 37 women (35%). Twenty-eight women with an alternative diagnosis (76%) did not require a laparotomy. Seventy-three patients had a laparoscopic appendicectomy, with an 8% conversion rate to an open operation. The morbidity rate for laparoscopic procedures was 3%, the median inpatient stay was two days and the median time to return to normal activities was eight days. Conclusions: Diagnostic laparoscopy should be performed in women who present with a clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis to confirm the diagnosis, reduce the rate of unnecessary appendicectomy and avoid an unnecessary laparotomy. When acute appendicitis is confirmed, appendicectomy may be performed laparoscopically.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-132
Number of pages3
JournalMedical Journal of Australia
Volume162
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 1995
Externally publishedYes

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