Learned helplessness and IQ differences

Anthony H. Winefield, J. Adrian Barnett, Marika Tiggemann

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)


    Two groups of adult Ss differing in verbal IQ were compared in a learned helplessness experiment involving cognitive tasks and non-contingent rewards. The mean IQs for the two groups were 131 and 117. As predicted, the higher IQ Ss performed better overall and showed greater awareness of the response-outcome contingency. Their test-task performance was also more affected by the contingency manipulation although this occured only with success feedback. Implications of the results for cognitive accounts of human helplessness are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)493-500
    Number of pages8
    JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 1984


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