Linking remote sensing and geodiversity and their traits relevant to biodiversity-Part I: Soil characteristics

Angela Lausch, Jussi Baade, Lutz Bannehr, Erik Borg, Jan Bumberger, Sabine Chabrilliat, Peter Dietrich, Heike Gerighausen, Cornelia Glässer, Jorg M. Hacker, Dagmar Haase, Thomas Jagdhuber, Sven Jany, András Jung, Arnon Karnieli, Roland Kraemer, Mohsen Makki, Christian Mielke, Markus Möller, Hannes MollenhauerCarsten Montzka, Marion Pause, Christian Rogass, Offer Rozenstein, Christiane Schmullius, Franziska Schrodt, Martin Schrön, Karsten Schulz, Claudia Schütze, Christian Schweitzer, Peter Selsam, Andrew K. Skidmore, Daniel Spengler, Christian Thiel, Sina C. Truckenbrodt, Michael Vohland, Robert Wagner, Ute Weber, Ulrike Werban, Ute Wollschläger, Steffen Zacharias, Michael E. Schaepman

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    47 Citations (Scopus)
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    In the face of rapid global change it is imperative to preserve geodiversity for the overall conservation of biodiversity. Geodiversity is important for understanding complex biogeochemical and physical processes and is directly and indirectly linked to biodiversity on all scales of ecosystem organization. Despite the great importance of geodiversity, there is a lack of suitable monitoring methods. Compared to conventional in-situ techniques, remote sensing (RS) techniques provide a pathway towards cost-effective, increasingly more available, comprehensive, and repeatable, as well as standardized monitoring of continuous geodiversity on the local to global scale. This paper gives an overview of the state-of-the-art approaches for monitoring soil characteristics and soil moisture with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and air- and spaceborne remote sensing techniques. Initially, the definitions for geodiversity along with its five essential characteristics are provided, with an explanation for the latter. Then, the approaches of spectral traits (ST) and spectral trait variations (STV) to record geodiversity using RS are defined. LiDAR (light detection and ranging), thermal and microwave sensors, multispectral, and hyperspectral RS technologies to monitor soil characteristics and soil moisture are also presented. Furthermore, the paper discusses current and future satellite-borne sensors and missions as well as existing data products. Due to the prospects and limitations of the characteristics of different RS sensors, only specific geotraits and geodiversity characteristics can be recorded. The paper provides an overview of those geotraits.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number2356
    Number of pages51
    JournalRemote Sensing
    Issue number20
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

    Bibliographical note

    © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (


    • Abiotic diversity
    • Abiotic spectral traits
    • Earth observation
    • Geodiversity
    • Geotraits
    • Land surface temperature
    • Remote sensing
    • Soil characteristic
    • Soil moisture


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