Lipoprotein(a) identifies cardiovascular risk in childhood: The Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort Study

Teresa E. Cunningham, Susan M. Sayers, Gurmeet R. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To describe the lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a))profile and its relationship to cardiovascular risk factors in Australian Aboriginal children. Methods: A cross-sectional study within a longitudinal birth cohort study in the Darwin Health Region (Northern Territory, Australia). Subjects were Aboriginal children born between 1987 and 1990 who were re-examined between 1998 and 2001. Outcome measures were cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, apoB, apoA1, apoA1/B ratio, anthropometric measures, cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, maternal smoking and nutrition. Results: At a mean age of 11.4 years, results showed that high concentrations of Lp(a) were significantly related to well-known lipid-based CVD risk factors for both boys and girls, and that only one anthropometric factor, height, was significant for girls. Non-genetic factors and maternal smoking were not found to be significant contributors to Lp(a) concentrations. Conclusions: Lp(a) should be considered as a more effective marker of CVD than anthropometric measures, and children from families with a history of premature CVD should be regularly screened for this factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-261
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Volume47
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aboriginal
  • cardiovascular risk factor
  • children
  • indigenous
  • lipoprotein(a)

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