The hormone arginine vasopressin (AVP) contributes to water retention and vasoconstriction in congestive heart failure (CHF) through effects at the V2 and V(1a) receptors, respectively. The effect of long-term V2 receptor (V2R) blockade using OPC-31260 was assessed in a rat model of postinfarction-induced CHF. Rats underwent coronary artery ligation or sham operation and were treated for 6 mo with oral OPC-31260 (10 mg·kg-1·day- 1) or vehicle. CHF was characterized by left ventricular remodeling and impaired systolic function, increased cardiac and lung weight, and elevated plasma atrial natriuretic peptide; plasma AVP and plasma renin activity were not increased. Chronic V2R blockade increased urine volume (P < 0.01) and decreased urine osmolality (P < 0.01) but had no natriuretic effects. V2R blockade did not activate the renin-angiotensin system but increased plasma AVP in CHF (P < 0.01). V2R blockade did not influence cardiac remodeling, cardiac function, or survival. These results suggest that AVP plays a major role in water retention through the renal V2R in a rat model of CHF. V2R blockade using OPC-31260 may represent an alternative to standard diuretic therapy in the management of water retention that characterizes heart failure.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||1 44-1|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1998|
- Myocardial infarction