Long-term follow-up of two randomized trials comparing laparoscopic Nissen 360° with anterior 90° partial fundoplication

R. J. Hopkins, T. Irvine, G. G. Jamieson, P. G. Devitt, D. I. Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The side-effects of Nissen fundoplication have led to modifications, including partial fundoplications such as an anterior 90° wrap. Five-year follow-up of two randomized trials suggested fewer side-effects following anterior 90° partial fundoplication, but better reflux control after Nissen fundoplication. However, longer-term outcomes have not been reported. This study combined data from previous trials to determine 10-year outcomes.

Methods: From 1999 to 2003, 191 patients were enrolled in two randomized trials comparing anterior 90° partial versus Nissen fundoplication. Trial protocols were similar, and data were combined to determine long-term clinical outcomes. Patients completed annual questionnaires assessing dysphagia, heartburn, medications, satisfaction and other symptoms. Visual analogue scales (0–10), a composite dysphagia score (0–45) and yes/no responses were used.

Results: Of the 191 patients, 152 (79·6 per cent) were available for 10-year follow-up. After anterior 90° fundoplication, patients reported less dysphagia to solids (score 2·03 versus 3·18 for the Nissen procedure; P = 0·037). Heartburn scores were lower after Nissen fundoplication (1·90 versus 2·83 for anterior 90° fundoplication; P = 0·035) and fewer patients required proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) (22 versus 39 per cent respectively; P = 0·035). Satisfaction scores were similar for both anterior 90° and Nissen groups (7·45 versus 7·36 respectively; P = 0·566), and the majority considered their original decision for surgery to be correct (86 versus 84 per cent; P = 0·818).

Conclusion: After 10 years, both procedures achieved similar success as measured by global satisfaction measures. Patients who had a Nissen fundoplication reported more dysphagia, whereas more heartburn and PPI consumption were reported after anterior 90° fundoplication. Registration numbers: ACTRN12607000298415 and ACTRN12607000304437 (http://www.anzctr.org.au/).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-63
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Surgery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Nissen fundoplication
  • Five‐year follow‐up
  • anterior 90° partial fundoplication
  • fundoplication


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