Long-Term Outcome of Surgical Treatment for Kienböck Disease Using an Articular-Based Classification

Simon B.M. MacLean, Gregory I. Bain

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)


    Purpose: The aim of this study was to report the outcomes of surgery using the Bain and Begg articular-based classification for the treatment of Kienböck disease. Methods: We identified and followed patients who had surgery for Kienböck disease between 1995 and 2014. Assessment included functional scoring using a modification of the Gartland and Werley score, pain levels, and grip strength. Results: Thirty-one patients were operated on for Kienböck disease between 1995 and 2014. Twenty-seven patients were assessed (12 men and 15 women). Mean age at the index procedure was 45.1 years (range, 20–82 years). Median follow-up after the index procedure was 10 years (range, 2–18 years). On the Bain and Begg classification, 5 patients had grade 0, 4 had grade 1, 5 had grade 2a, 10 had grade 2b, 1 had grade 3, and 1 had grade 4. The median pain visual analog scale improved from a preoperative score of 5 (interquartile range [IQR], 5–6) to a postoperative score of 2 (IQR, 0–3). The median functional scores from the modified Gartland and Werley score improved from 67 (IQR, 57.0–78.5) to 97 (IQR, 90.0–97.0). Eighteen out of 20 working patients returned to the same level of work. There was a significant improvement in power grip and tip pinch following surgery. One patient required a secondary salvage procedure. No patient required a full wrist fusion or arthroplasty. Conclusions: This study confirms that the Bain and Begg arthroscopic classification and an articular-based approach to Kienböck disease provide a high probability of good long-term relief of pain and a minimal chance of requiring a salvage procedure. Type of study/level of evidence: Therapeutic IV.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)386-395
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Hand Surgery
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - May 2021


    • Arthroscopy
    • avascular necrosis
    • Kienböck disease
    • lunate
    • lunatomalacia


    Dive into the research topics of 'Long-Term Outcome of Surgical Treatment for Kienböck Disease Using an Articular-Based Classification'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this