Long-term outcomes of breast reduction surgery: A prospective cohort study

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Abstract

Background: Breast reduction surgery has been shown to be the most effective treatment for symptomatic breast hypertrophy in women. However, existing studies have been limited to a relatively short-term follow-up. This study aimed to assess the long-term outcomes following breast reduction surgery. 

Methods: This is a prospective cohort study of women aged 18 years and above who underwent breast reduction surgery over a 12-year period. Participants completed a series of patient-reported outcome measures, including the Short Form-36 (SF-36), BREAST-Q reduction module, Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ), and study-specific questions preoperatively, 12 months postoperatively, and at a long-term follow-up of up to 12 years postoperatively. 

Results: Long-term outcome data were obtained from 103 participants. The median follow-up time following surgery was 6.0 years, range 3–12 years. The mean SF-36 scores remained stable and significantly higher than baseline over time, with no significant differences found in all eight subscales or summary scales. BREAST-Q scores remained significantly higher than baseline in all four scales. MBSRQ scores for appearance evaluation, health evaluation, and body areas satisfaction score remained significantly higher than scores reported preoperatively; in contrast, scores for appearance and health orientation and self-classified weight were significantly lower. Compared with normative data, long-term outcome scores remained stable and at levels equivalent or beyond population norms. 

Conclusions: This study demonstrated that patients continue to report a high level of satisfaction and improved health-related quality of life in the longer term following breast reduction surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-67
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
Volume79
Early online date8 Feb 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • BREAST-Q
  • Patient satisfaction
  • Patient-reported outcome measures
  • Quality of life
  • Reduction mammaplasty

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