Long-term survival of children with end-stage renal disease

Stephen P McDonald, Jonathan C. Craig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

510 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background

Although renal-replacement therapy for children with end-stage renal disease has been used for several decades, data on patients' long-term survival are sparse.
Methods

We examined the long-term survival of all children and adolescents who were under 20 years of age when renal-replacement therapy commenced (study period, April 1963 through March 2002), using data from the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry. Survival was analyzed with the use of Kaplan–Meier methods and age-standardized mortality rates. Risk factors for death were analyzed with the use of Cox regression analysis with time-dependent covariates.
Results

A total of 1634 children and adolescents were followed for a median of 9.7 years. The long-term survival rate among children requiring renal-replacement therapy was 79 percent at 10 years and 66 percent at 20 years. Mortality rates were 30 times as high as for children without end-stage renal disease. Risk factors for death were a young age at the time renal-replacement therapy was initiated (especially for children under 1 year of age, among whom the risk was four times as high as for children 15 to 19 years of age) and treatment with dialysis (which was associated with a risk more than four times as high as for renal transplantation). Overall, a trend toward improved survival was observed over the four decades of the study.
Conclusions

Despite improvement in long-term survival, mortality rates among children requiring renal-replacement therapy remain substantially higher than those among children without end-stage renal disease. Increasing the proportion of children treated with renal transplantation rather than with dialysis can improve survival further.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2654-2662
Number of pages9
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Volume350
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jun 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • children
  • Renal Disease
  • Survival rates

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