Objective.To understand the association between self-perceptions of aging (SPA) and mortality in late life.Method.The sample (n = 1,507) was drawn from the Australian Longitudinal Study of Aging (baseline age = 65-103 years). We used joint growth curve and survival models on 5 waves of data for a period of 16 years to investigate the random intercept and slope of SPA for predicting all-cause mortality.Results.The unadjusted model revealed that poor SPA at baseline, as well as decline in SPA, increased the risk of mortality (SPA intercept hazard ratio [HR] = 1.21, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.13, 1.31; SPA slope HR = 1.17, 95% CI = 1.02, 1.33). This relationship remained significant for the SPA intercept after adjusting for other risk factors including demographics, physical health, cognitive functioning, and well-being.Conclusion.These findings suggest that a single measurement of SPA in late life may be very informative of future long-Term vulnerability to health decline and mortality. Furthermore, a dynamic measure of SPA may be indicative of adaptation to age-related changes. This supports a "self- fulfilling" hypothesis, whereby SPA is a lens through which age-related changes are interpreted, and these interpretations can affect future health and health behaviors.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journals of Gerontology Series B - Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2014|
- Joint random effects
- Self-perceptions of aging
- Time-To-event modeling