Low-cost direct PCR for aged and processed wildlife sample analysis

Thitika Kitpipit, Phuvadol Thanakiatkrai, Adrian Linacre, Yingyod Lapwong, Wilaiwan Chotigeat

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)


    Direct PCR has been used successfully in wildlife forensic DNA analysis from several types of biological samples using specialized, commercial direct PCR kits. This is attributed to the proprietary chemicals provided in the kits such as pre-PCR buffer and modified DNA polymerases. These reagents can be expensive, thereby limiting their widespread adoption in developing countries, where wildlife crimes are often encountered. We report on a study to evaluate the possibility of using low-cost direct PCR assay for degraded and processed wildlife sample analysis. Phire® and Q5® polymerases were used, due to their relatively low cost, for direct amplification of six aged and processed sample types (dried skin, 30-year old hair, muscle tissue, bone, trace blood mixed in vodka, and dried soft antler). The result indicated that Phire® Hot Start II DNA polymerase and Q5® DNA polymerase performed similarly to commercially available direct PCR kit. The low-cost amplification could efficiently identify species origin from all aged and processed samples. We observed a rate of more than 80% amplification success and high PCR product concentrations sufficient for further sequencing. The assay proved to be cost effective and robust; thus, we expect it to be adopted by wildlife forensic laboratories in developing countries.

    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2013
    Event25th World Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics - Melbourne, Australia
    Duration: 2 Sept 20137 Sept 2013
    Conference number: 25


    Conference25th World Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics
    Abbreviated titleISFG 2013


    • Aged
    • Direct PCR
    • Low-cost
    • Processed
    • Wildlife forensic science


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