Low-dose diuretic and/or dietary sodium restriction when blood pressure is resistant to ACE inhibitor

Lindon M.H. Wing, Leonard F. Arnolda, Paula J. Harvey, Jane Upton, Danielle Molloy, Genevieve M. Gabb, Alexandra J.C. Bune, John P. Chalmers

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    26 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Aim: To compare the efficacy of indapamide (1.25 mg daily) and low-salt diet (< 100 mmol/day) separately and in combination in essential hypertensive patients with inadequate BP response to perindopril. Design and Methods: Randomized double-blind, double-dummy, crossover design. The randomized treatments were indapamide 1.25 mg daily, sodium chloride 80 mmol daily, the combination of indapamide and sodium chloride and placebo. All patients received perindopril 4 mg daily and maintained a low-sodium diet. Results: 19 patients entered and 17 completed the study. Prior to randomization, average clinic sitting blood pressure was 162/101 mmHg and average 24-h urine sodium excretion was 157 mmol/day. Compared to the phase in which patients received perindopril with sodium repletion, clinic and ambulatory BPs were significantly reduced (p < 0.01) in all the other phases. Indapamide had a greater effect on BP than dietary sodium restriction, and in combination their effects were additive. The effect of indapamide on ambulatory BP persisted throughout 24 h, but the effect of the low-salt diet was predominantly observed during waking hours. Conclusions: In hypertensives with BP resistant to the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor perindopril, the diuretic indapamide had greater additional efficacy and longer duration of action than dietary sodium restriction. In combination they had additive effects on BP.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)299-307
    Number of pages9
    JournalBlood Pressure
    Volume7
    Issue number5-6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1998

    Keywords

    • Ambulatory blood pressure
    • Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors
    • Blood pressure
    • Dietary sodium restriction
    • Randomized controlled trial
    • Thiazide diuretics

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