Low oxygen delivery as a predictor of acute kidney injury during cardiopulmonary bypass

Richard Newland, Robert Baker

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Low indexed oxygen delivery (DO2i) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been associated with an increase in the likelihood of acute kidney injury (AKI), with critical thresholds for oxygen delivery reported to be 260-270mL/min/m2. This study aims to explore whether a relationship exists for oxygen delivery during CPB, in which the integral of amount and time below a critical threshold, is associated with the incidence of postoperative AKI. The area under the curve (AUC) with DO2i during CPB above or below 270 mL/min/m2 was calculated as a metric of oxygen delivery in 210 patients undergoing CPB. To determine the influence of low oxygen delivery on AKI, a multivariate logistic regression model was developed including AUC < 0, Euroscore II to provide preoperative risk factor adjustment, and incidence of red blood cell transfusion to adjust for the influence of transfusion. Having an AUC < 0 for an oxygen delivery threshold of 270 mL/min/m2 during CPB was an independent predictor of AKI, after adjustment for Euroscore II and transfusion [OR 2.74, CI (((1.01-7.41))), p 5 .047]. These results support that a relationship exists for oxygen delivery during CPB, in which the integral of amount and time below a critical threshold is associated with the incidence of postoperative AKI.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)224-230
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Extracorporeal Technology
    Volume49
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

    Keywords

    • Acute kidney injury
    • Cardiopulmonary bypass
    • Oxygen delivery

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