The ATP-binding cassette transporter A7 (ABCA7), which is highly expressed in the brain, is associated with the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the physiological function of ABCA7 and its transport substrates remain unclear. Immunohistochemical analyses of human brain sections from AD and non-AD subjects revealed that ABCA7 is expressed in neuron and microglia cells in the cerebral cortex. The transport substrates and acceptors were identified in BHK/ABCA7 cells and compared with those of ABCA1. Like ABCA1, ABCA7 exported choline phospholipids in the presence of apoA-I and apoE; however, unlike ABCA1, cholesterol efflux was marginal. Lipid efflux by ABCA7 was saturated by 5 μg/ml apoA-I and was not dependent on apoE isoforms, whereas efflux by ABCA1 was dependent on apoA-I up to 20 μg/ml and apoE isoforms. Liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry analyses revealed that the two proteins had different preferences for phospholipid export: ABCA7 preferred phosphatidylcholine (PC) ≥ lysoPC > sphingomyelin (SM) = phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), whereas ABCA1 preferred PC > > SM > PE = lysoPC. The major difference in the pattern of lipid peaks between ABCA7 and ABCA1 was the high lysoPC/PC ratio of ABCA7. These results suggest that lysoPC is one of the major transport substrates for ABCA7 and that lysoPC export may be a physiologically important function of ABCA7 in the brain.
|Number of pages
|Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids
|Published - Jul 2017
- ABC proteins
- Alzheimer's disease