Matrix organization and merit factor evaluation as a method to address the challenge of finding a polymer material for roll coated polymer solar cells.

Eva Bundgaard, Francesco Livi, Ole Hagemann, Jon Carle, Martin Helgesen, Ilona Heckler, Natalia Zawacka, Dechan Angmo, Thu Larsen-Olsen, Gisele dos Reis Benatto, Berenger Roth, Morten Madsen, Mats R. Andersson, Mikkel Jorgensen, Roar Sondergaard, Frederik Krebs

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    Abstract

    The results presented demonstrate how the screening of 104 light-absorbing low band gap polymers for suitability in roll coated polymer solar cells can be accomplished through rational synthesis according to a matrix where 8 donor and 13 acceptor units are organized in rows and columns. Synthesis of all the polymers corresponding to all combinations of donor and acceptor units is followed by characterization of all the materials with respect to molecular weight, electrochemical energy levels, band gaps, photochemical stability, carrier mobility, and photovoltaic parameters. The photovoltaic evaluation is carried out with specific reference to scalable manufacture, which includes large area (1 cm2), stable inverted device architecture, an indium-tin-oxide-free fully printed flexible front electrode with ZnO/PEDOT:PSS (poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate), and a printed silver comb back electrode structure. The matrix organization enables fast identification of active layer materials according to a weighted merit factor that includes more than simply the power conversion efficiency and is used as a method to identify the lead candidates. Based on several characteristics included in the merit factor, it is found that 13 out of the 104 synthesized polymers outperformed poly(3-hexylthiophene) under the chosen processing conditions and thus can be suitable for further development. A screening of 104 polymer materials for use in roll-coated polymer solar cells is reported. By synthesis, characterization, and photovoltaic performances of 104 polymers it is demonstrated that finding suitable materials for large scale roll-to-roll fabricated polymer solar cells is an enormous challenge. The study shows that 13 polymers out of 104 outperform poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and are suitable for further development.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1402186
    Pages (from-to)Art: 1402186
    Number of pages16
    JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
    Volume5
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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  • Cite this

    Bundgaard, E., Livi, F., Hagemann, O., Carle, J., Helgesen, M., Heckler, I., Zawacka, N., Angmo, D., Larsen-Olsen, T., dos Reis Benatto, G., Roth, B., Madsen, M., Andersson, M. R., Jorgensen, M., Sondergaard, R., & Krebs, F. (2015). Matrix organization and merit factor evaluation as a method to address the challenge of finding a polymer material for roll coated polymer solar cells. Advanced Energy Materials, 5(10), Art: 1402186. [1402186]. https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201402186