Measuring disease activity and predicting response to intravenous immunoglobulin in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy.

Anthony Khoo, Joseph Frasca, David Schultz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is characterised by significant clinical heterogeneity and as such reliable biomarkers are required to measure disease activity and assess treatment response. Recent advances in our understanding of disease pathogenesis and the discovery of novel serum-based, electrophysiologic and imaging biomarkers allow clinicians to make more informed decisions regarding individualised treatment regimes.

As a chronic immune-mediated process typified by relapse following withdrawal of immunomodulatory therapy, a substantial proportion of patients with CIDP require long term treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg), a scarce and expensive donor-derived resource. The required duration and intensity of immunoglobulin treatment vary widely between individuals, highlighting both the heterogeneous nature of the underlying disease process as well as the variable pharmacologic properties of IVIg.

This review outlines the use of multimodal biomarkers in the longitudinal evaluation of nerve injury and how recent developments have impacted our ability to predict both response to immunoglobulin administration and its withdrawal.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3
Number of pages8
JournalBiomarker Research
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Feb 2019

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s). 2019 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and
reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to
the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver
(http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Keywords

  • Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy
  • Intravenous immunoglobulin
  • Biomarkers
  • Paranodal antibodies
  • Nerve ultrasound
  • Magnetic resonance neurography

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