Measuring perfectionism in children: A systematic review of the mental health literature.

Elizabeth Leone, Tracey Wade

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)


    The adverse consequences of perfectionism in the lives of youth (children and adolescents) are now widely recognised, including impact on mental health and general well-being. In order to develop interventions to prevent and treat perfectionism and promote resilience for children, rigorous testing and examination of theoretical models is needed as well as having access to valid and reliable assessment tools. The aim of the current literature review was to examine the validity and reliability of the measures currently being used to measure perfectionism in children under the age of 15. A systematic review of the literature identified six instruments that had been utilised in children. Preliminary support with respect to reliability and validity was established for each of these measures, and there was evidence supporting the existence of both perfectionistic striving and perfectionistic concerns in this population. However, many of the measures lacked evaluation of key psychometric properties by independent authors. Further work distinguishing adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism will be necessary to promote future interventions and treatment in this area.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)553-567
    Number of pages15
    JournalEuropean Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
    Issue number5
    Early online date2017
    Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018


    • Assessment
    • Children
    • Mental health
    • Perfectionism
    • Systematic review


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