Measuring workplace innovation: Scale development

A. J. McMurray, N. Muenjohn, D. Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The innovation field suffers from the absence of a validated workplace innovation scale. The development of such a scale is essential for managers to self-assess workplace innovation performance in their organizations. This study reports on the development of a workplace innovation scale. Survey responses gathered from 181 Japanese small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) were analyzed using a partial least squares (PLS) structural equations modeling (SEM) approach. Supporting the multidimensionality of workplace innovation, 24 items were found that constituted a second-order workplace innovation construct that reflected four dimensions of workplace innovation: individual innovation, team innovation, organizational innovation, and innovation climate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1563-1582
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Small Business Management
Issue number4
Early online date22 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Innovation
  • quantitative
  • scale development
  • small & medium enterprises


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