Mechanisms for Triceps Surae Injury in High Performance Front Row Rugby Union Players: A Kinematic Analysis of Scrummaging Drills

Carol Flavell, Mark Sayers, Susan Gordon, James Lee

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The front row of a rugby union scrum consists of three players. The loose head prop, hooker and tight head prop. The objective of this study was to determine if known biomechanical risk factors for triceps surae muscle injury are exhibited in the lower limb of front row players during contested scrummaging. Eleven high performance front row rugby union players were landmarked bilaterally at the posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS), greater trochanter, lateral femoral epicondyle, midline of the calcaneus above the plantar aspect of the heel, midline lower leg 5cm and 20cm proximal to the lateral malleolus, at the axis of subtalar joint, lateral malleolus, and head of the fifth metatarsal. Players were video recorded during a series of 2 on 1 live scrummaging drills. Biomechanical three dimensional analysis identified large angular displacements, and increased peak velocities and accelerations at the ankle joint during attacking scrummaging drill techniques when in the stance phase of gait. This places the triceps surae as increased risk of injury and provides valuable information for training staff regarding injury prevention and scrum training practices for front row players.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)159-164
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Sports Science and Medicine
    Volume12
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

    Keywords

    • Athletes
    • Injuries
    • Kinematics
    • Rugby

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