Media Smart-Targeted: Diagnostic outcomes from a two-country pragmatic online eating disorder risk reduction trial for young adults.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Diagnostic outcomes in eating disorder (ED) risk reduction trials are important but rarely reported.

Methods: An online pragmatic randomized-controlled trial was conducted with young-adult women in Australia and New Zealand seeking to improve their body image. Media Smart-Targeted (MS-T) was a 9-module program released weekly while control participants received tips for positive body image. Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) scores from baseline and 12-month follow-up were used to investigate two outcomes: ED onset in those who were asymptomatic at baseline (prevention effects); and, ED remission in those who met diagnosis at baseline (treatment effects).

Results: MS-T participants were 66% less likely than controls to develop an ED by 12-month follow-up (nonsignificant). MS-T participants who met ED criteria at baseline were 75% less likely than controls to still meet diagnostic criteria at follow-up. This effect was significant and remained so for both those who did and who did not access external face-to-face ED treatment during the trial.

Conclusions: While further investigations are necessary, MS-T has fully automated procedures, low implementation costs, the potential to be delivered at-scale to assist those assist those where face-to-face services are limited or not available (e.g., remote areas).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-274
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • eating disorders
  • online
  • prevention
  • risk factors
  • targeted

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