Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare malignancy, accounting for about 1% of primary hyperparathyroidism. We report the case of a 23-year-old man who presented with poorly united mid-shaft fracture of the left femur with severe hypercalcaemia in the setting of 99 mTc sestamibi-avid lesions in the mediastinal and thoracic vertebrae. The patient underwent surgery, and histopathology revealed a low-grade parathyroid carcinoma. After surgery, the patient developed severe hungry bone syndrome requiring intensive calcium, magnesium and active vitamin D supplementation. A review of the literature was undertaken with regards to mediastinal parathyroid carcinoma, management of refractory hypercalcaemia in this setting and hungry bone syndrome.