Mediators of the relationship between social anxiety and post-event rumination

Junwen Chen, Ronald Rapee, Maree Abbott

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    23 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A variety of cognitive and attentional factors are hypothesised to be associated with post-event rumination, a key construct that has been proposed to contribute to the maintenance of social anxiety disorder (SAD). The present study aimed to explore factors contributing to post-event rumination following delivery of a speech in a clinical population. 121 participants with SAD completed measures of trait social anxiety a week before they undertook a speech task. After the speech, participants answered several questionnaires assessing their state anxiety, self-evaluation of performance, perceived focus of attention and probability and cost of expected negative evaluation. One-week later, participants completed measures of negative rumination experienced over the week. Results showed two pathways leading to post-event rumination: (1) a direct path from trait social anxiety to post-event rumination and (2) indirect paths from trait social anxiety to post-event rumination via its relationships with inappropriate attentional focus and self-evaluation of performance. The results suggest that post event rumination is at least partly predicted by the extent to which socially anxious individuals negatively perceive their own performance and their allocation of attentional resources to this negative self-image. Current findings support the key relationships among cognitive processes proposed by cognitive models.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-8
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
    Volume27
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

    Keywords

    • Attention focus
    • Cognitive processing
    • Post-event rumination
    • Self-evaluation of performance
    • Social anxiety disorder
    • Social phobia

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