Meeting the challenges of accessibility for science inclusive classrooms: Indonesia's portrait

Jamil Suprihatiningrum, Carol Aldous, Carolyn Palmer

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review


There is no one-size-fits-all answer to supporting a student’s learning needs. However, accessibility for every student to achieve the same learning goals is critical to an inclusive environment. Seven participants from three Schools Providing Inclusive Education (SPIE): viz Cerdas, Pintar, and Pandai in Yogyakarta Indonesia were selected purposively and interviewed to share thoughts and experiences about meeting the challenge of learning accessibility for students with disabilities (SWD) in science. Each participant was invited to consider how learning was achieved and what means were provided to help students learn. Data were analysed systematically, and three themes emerged viz: inclusive pedagogy, inclusive content and inclusive technology. Findings indicated that although a science syllabus was made available, expectations for SWD were set low and learning objectives illdefined. Although time to co-plan was limited, a collaborative teaching approach existed in Pandai where teachers were found co-creating different worksheets to meet a given student’s need. Teachers in Cerdas and Pintar indicated that they had no time to either vary or accommodate for different modalities in learning science. Although all teachers understood how SWD need interaction with different tools, only teachers at Pintar and Pandai were utilising assistive technologies to help SWD in learning science.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
EventAustralasian Science Education Research Association (ASERA) 2021 Conference - University of South Australia and Online, Adelaide, Australia
Duration: 30 Jun 20212 Jul 2021
Conference number: 52nd


ConferenceAustralasian Science Education Research Association (ASERA) 2021 Conference
Abbreviated titleASERA 2021
OtherASERA is one of the oldest and most highly regarded science education research associations in the world. Each year ASERA brings together science education researchers and educators to share ideas that change the nature and practices of science education.
Internet address


  • Accessibility
  • Inclusive classroom
  • Inclusive pedagogy
  • Inclusive content
  • Assistive technology


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