Memory conformity for confidently recognized items: The power of social influence on memory reports

Ruth Horry, Matthew Palmer, Michelle Sexton, Neil Brewer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    21 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Memory conformity occurs when one person's memory report influences another's. Memory conformity is more likely to occur when the information comes from a credible source, and when internal evidence is weak. Here, we investigate whether there are situational variations in how heavily participants weigh internal cues to accuracy when confronted with conflicting information from a partner. The results show that even confidently held memories are subject to influence from external sources, and that social influence is exaggerated when the source is seen to be highly credible.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)783-786
    Number of pages4
    JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
    Volume48
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2012

    Keywords

    • Confidence
    • Face recognition
    • In-group bias
    • Memory conformity
    • Own-race bias

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